Populist Governance and Policies in Europe

Bartha, Attila and Sotiropoulos, Dimitri A. and Katsikas, Dimitris and Pap, András László and Tóth, Mihály and Halász, Bálint and Žvaliauskas, Giedrius and Morkevičius, Vaidas and Butkevičienė, Eglė and Lipiński, Artur and Školkay, Andrej and Daniš, Igor and Vass-Vígh, Veronika and Krešić, Boris and Turanjanin, Veljko and Mihajlović, Borko and Sahin, Osman (2021) Populist Governance and Policies in Europe. Working Paper. -.

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Abstract

The rise of populist governance throughout the world offers a unique opportunity to analyse how populist leaders and parties govern. This study investigates the factors shaping the policies of populist governments. First, an ideal type of populist policy making is developed, elaborating the policy content, the policy discourse and the policy making procedure of populism. Then a congruence analysis is applied to test the conformity of policy making patterns with the ideal type in seven countries where populist parties have been in government. We study the two established cases of populist governance in the EU (post-2010 Hungary and post-2015 Poland), Greece where left-wing populist Syriza and the right-wing populist Anel governed between 2015 and 2018, two countries where populist parties had minor influence in governments (Lithuania and Slovakia) and two countries from the EU neighbourhood (Bosnia and Herzegovina and Turkey) where hybridization tendencies of populist governance can be observed. Policy making patterns are investigated in three policy areas: criminal justice policy, economic policy, and family policy. Our findings suggest that populist parties have a predominant role in shaping government policies in the policy discourse dimension. In addition, our analysis confirm that populist rulers may appear as particularly effective in policy reforms by circumventing conventional institutionalised policy mechanisms. Unmediated, top-down consultations and adversarial, polarising narratives accompanies policy changes when populist leaders govern. These features tend to undermine the institutions of liberal democracy and they inevitably foster social and political polarisation. There are two important implications of the discursive power of populism in policy making: a general need of wording policy messages in non-technocratic everyday language and a specific support of independent local journalism initiatives as highly trusted sources of policy information.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Title in English: Populist Governance and Policies in Europe
Keywords in English: congruence, policymaking, political parties, populism, social policy, Europe
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
Divisions: Institute for Political Science
Research funder: European Union (EU), Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Action DEMOS grant no. 822590
Depositing User: Enikő Meiszterics
Date Deposited: 10 Nov 2021 10:50
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2021 12:44
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URI: https://openarchive.tk.mta.hu/id/eprint/498

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