What Kind of Public Policies Trigger Populism

Bartha, Attila and Bazoti, Pery and Benedek, István and Butkevičien, Eglė and Katsikas, Dimitrios and Morkevičius, Vaidas and Sahin, Osman and Schlett, Bálint and Žvaliauskas, Giedrius (2020) What Kind of Public Policies Trigger Populism. Working Paper. -. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

This working paper investigates public policies that precede the rise of populism. A mixedmethod research design is applied: on the one hand, we use data from international surveys and databanks to explore the policy–populism nexus from a comparative European perspective. On the other hand, country case studies have been prepared to understand the country-specific historical and socio-economic features of populism and its potential policy roots. Four countries were selected as national case studies: two EU member states (Greece and Hungary) because of a strong, long-term support of populist parties; one EU member state (Lithuania), where support of populist parties remain moderate, although historical and socio-economic features suggest a likely rise of populism; and one country (Turkey) that exhibits the potential hybridization tendencies of populism and the role of policies in the shift from democratic towards authoritarian regimes. We found that the content of policies were weak predictors of the rise of populism. Country-specific measures were more important predictors than policy ideas. At the same time, our results demonstrate that the lack of activation policies may be a strong predictor of welfare populist attitudes of citizens, and the exclusion of a significant proportion of young people from the labour market clearly feeds populist attitudes. Another important finding is that crisis management policies matter, but not the socio-economic crisis in itself: the management of crisis by non-elected policy experts, through technocratic governance methods, will likely trigger populism. This is particularly true in societies where political polarization is high

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Title in English: What Kind of Public Policies Trigger Populism
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Institute for Political Science
Research funder: European Union, Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Action DEMOS grant no. 822590
Depositing User: Enikő Meiszterics
Date Deposited: 11 Aug 2020 15:41
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2020 13:09
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URI: https://openarchive.tk.mta.hu/id/eprint/430

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