Democratic Efficacy and the Varieties of Populism in Europe

Boda, Zsolt (2019) Democratic Efficacy and the Varieties of Populism in Europe. [Data Collection]

Abstract

A DEMOS projekt abból a feltételezésből indul ki, hogy a populizmus a demokratikus berendezkedések működése, illetve az állampolgárok törekvései, igényei és identitásai közötti törés tünete a politikai rendszereken belül. Ennél fogva a DEMOS a demokratikus hatékonyságot vizsgálja, mint a politikai elkötelezettség feltételét, amely szükséges a populizmus megragadásához és megvitatásához. A koncepció attitűd-vonásokat is magában foglal (mint politikai hatékonyság), illetve a politikai készségeket, tudást, és a demokratikus lehetőség-struktúrákat. A populizmus mélyebb megértéséhez a DEMOS eddig kevésbé kutatott területeket vizsgál mikro- mezo- és makroszinteken: a populizmus szocio-pszichológiai gyökereit, a társadalmi szereplők reakcióit, és a populizmus hatását a kormányzásra. A DEMOS nem csupán az államigazgatással foglalkozik, hanem az állampolgárok szempontjaival is: hogyan hat rájuk a populizmus, illetve hogyan reagálnak rá. A projekt középpontjában a politikailag alulreprezentált csoportok állnak, úgy mint fiatalok, nők és bevándorlók. Mivel a populizmusnak számos, társadalmilag beágyazott megjelenési formája van, a DEMOS arra törekszik, hogy összehasonlító elemzéseken keresztül vizsgálja meg a kontextusát, beleértve annak történelmi, kulturális és társadalmi-gazdasági gyökereit.

DEMOS is built on the assumption that populism is symptomatic of a disconnect between how democratic polities operate and how citizens perceive their own aspirations, needs and identities within the political system. As such, DEMOS explores the practical value of ’democratic efficacy’ as the condition of political engagement needed to address the challenge of populism. The concept combines attitudinal features (political efficacy), political skills, knowledge, and democratic opportunity structures. In order to better understand populism DEMOS addresses its hitherto under-researched aspects at micro-, meso-, and macro-levels: its socio-psychological roots, social actors’ responses to the populist challenge, and populism’s effects on governance. DEMOS focuses not only on the polity, but equally on citizens’ perspectives: how they are affected by, and how they react to, populism. Politically underrepresented groups and those targeted by populist politics are a particular focus, e.g. youth, women, and migrants. As populism has varying socially embedded manifestations, DEMOS aims at contextualising it through comparative analysis on the variety of populisms across Europe, including their historical, cultural, and socioeconomic roots, manifestations, and impacts.

Legal and ethical issues

Acronym: DEMOS H2020
Title in English: Democratic Efficacy and the Varieties of Populism in Europe
Keywords: Európa, populizmus, összehasonlító elemzés
Keywords in English: Europe, populism, comparative analysis
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General)
J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
Divisions: Institute for Political Science
Research funder: European Commission Horizon 2020; DEMOS
Depositing User: Enikő Meiszterics
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2019 12:18
Last Modified: 10 Nov 2020 14:51
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Bene, Márton and Boda, Zsolt (2020) Conceptualizing Democratic Efficacy. Working Paper. -. (Unpublished)
Bennett, Samuel and Lipiński, Artur and Stępińska, Agnieszka and Abadi, David and Baloge, Martin and Bobba, Giuliano and Butkevičienė, Eglė and Brands, Charlotte and Fischer, Agneta and Gammeltoft-Hansen, Thomas and Hubé, Nicolas and Ianosev, Bogdan and Karamanidou, Lena and Klinge, Sune and Kocián, Jiří and Korkut, Umut and Magre, Jaume and Mancosu, Moreno and Marincea, Adina and Matic, Dejan and Medir, Luis and Morkevičius, Vaidas and Pano, Esther and Roncarolo, Franca and Sahin, Osman and Seddone, Antonella and Školkay, Andrej and Szabó, Gabriella and Tsatsanis, Emmanouil and Žvaliauskas, Giedrius (2020) Populist Communication on Social Media. Working Paper. -. (Unpublished)
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MORKEVIČIUS, Vaidas and RAULECKAS, Rimantas and Žvaliauskas, Giedrius and Butkevičienė, Eglė and Boda, Zsolt and Bene, Márton (2020) Measuring Democratic Efficacy. Working Paper. -. (Unpublished)
Bartha, Attila and Boda, Zsolt and Szikra, Dorottya (2020) When Populist Leaders Govern: Conceptualising Populism in Policy Making. Politics and Governance, 8 (3). ISSN 2183–2463
Bene, Márton Does context matter? A cross-country investigation of the effects of the media context on external and internal political efficacy (accepted manuscript at International Journal of Comparative Sociology).
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Ianosev, Bogdan and Osman, Sahin (2020) Can human evolution help us understand the support for populist movements? Political Insight, 11 (3). pp. 26-29. ISSN 2041-9066
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URI: https://openarchive.tk.mta.hu/id/eprint/404

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