Measuring Democratic Efficacy

MORKEVIČIUS, Vaidas and RAULECKAS, Rimantas and Žvaliauskas, Giedrius and Butkevičienė, Eglė and Boda, Zsolt and Bene, Márton (2020) Measuring Democratic Efficacy. Working Paper. -. (Unpublished)

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17203/kdk426

Abstract

This paper studies the state and trends of democratic efficacy in democratic polities around the world. First, it uses data of an on-line survey conducted by DEMOS in 15 European countries to provide descriptive data on democratic efficacy. A first step to test the association of democratic efficacy indicators with populism was also made, showing that most of the items composing democratic efficacy have a negative association with populist attitudes. Second, the paper considers problems of a conceptual definition of democratic efficacy and suggests that it could be analysed following two conceptualisations: 1) more extensive (holistic), coupling political efficacy with citizens’ democratic capacities, and 2) less extensive (narrow), coupling political efficacy only with citizens’ support for important democratic values. Then the paper discusses the availability of measures of democratic efficacy in existing international survey data sets (ESS, ISSP, EVS, CSES, EES, and Eurobarometer). Further, the report empirically assesses the trends of democratic efficacy in a temporal comparative perspective using data from two waves (2004 and 2014) of the ISSP module ‘Citizenship’. Results show that the majority of the populations in the studied countries score low on both internal (a little more than 50 %) and external (a little more than 70 %) political efficacy and, overall, changes over the last decades are negligible. However, levels of political efficacy are quite different across countries and there is substantial cross-time variation for at least half of the studied countries. According to our data, there is a general tendency of lower levels of political efficacy in the CEE countries. Also, in some (mostly Western) countries political efficacy increased from 2004 to 2014. With regard to the support for values of liberal democracy we found that it is moderate (overall, only half the studied populations showed strong support for these values) and rather stable. However, at the country level, we found quite a lot of variation both across countries and over time. These cross-country and cross-time differences need to be further studied with multilevel models including macro (country) level explanatory variables.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Title in English: Measuring Democratic Efficacy
Subjects: J Political Science > JA Political science (General)
J Political Science > JN Political institutions (Europe)
Divisions: Institute for Political Science
Research funder: European Union, Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Action DEMOS grant no. 822590
Depositing User: Judit Gárdos
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2020 08:17
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2020 12:23
Related papers or data collections: Boda, Zsolt (2019) Democratic Efficacy and the Varieties of Populism in Europe. [Data Collection]
Boda, Zsolt and Gorczeski, Vinicius (2020) DEMOS-ANNUAL REPORT:2019. Project Report. -.
Castellà, Josep Maria and Simonelli, Marco Antonio (2020) On the Institutional Context of Populism. Working Paper. -.
Bene, Márton and Boda, Zsolt (2020) Conceptualizing Democratic Efficacy. Working Paper. -. (Unpublished)
Bennett, Samuel and Lipiński, Artur and Stępińska, Agnieszka and Abadi, David and Baloge, Martin and Bobba, Giuliano and Butkevičienė, Eglė and Brands, Charlotte and Fischer, Agneta and Gammeltoft-Hansen, Thomas and Hubé, Nicolas and Ianosev, Bogdan and Karamanidou, Lena and Klinge, Sune and Kocián, Jiří and Korkut, Umut and Magre, Jaume and Mancosu, Moreno and Marincea, Adina and Matic, Dejan and Medir, Luis and Morkevičius, Vaidas and Pano, Esther and Roncarolo, Franca and Sahin, Osman and Seddone, Antonella and Školkay, Andrej and Szabó, Gabriella and Tsatsanis, Emmanouil and Žvaliauskas, Giedrius (2020) Populist Communication on Social Media. Working Paper. -. (Unpublished)
Školkay, Andrej and Žúborová, Viera Populist Political Movement Sme rodina – Boris Kollár (We Are a Family – Boris Kollár). Central European political studies, 2019 (4). pp. 5-26. ISSN 1731-7517
Kubát, Michal and Mejstřík, Martin and Baloge, Martin and Bobba, Giuliano and Castillero, Daniel and Cremonesi, Cristina and Dobos, Gábor and Magre Ferran, Jaume and Hubé, Nicolas and Hüning, Hendrik and Ianosev, Bogdan and Klinge, Sune and Korkut, Umut and Krunke, Helle and Lembcke, Oliver and Lipinski, Artur and Mancosu, Moreno and Matic, Dejan and Medir, Lluis and Morkevičius, Vaidas and Pano, Esther and Roncarolo, Franca and Sahin, Osman and Seddone, Antonella and Školkay, Andrej and Sotiropoulos, Dimitri A. and Tsatsanis, Emmanouil and Wineroither, David M. and Žúborová, Viera and Žvaliauskas, Giedrius (2020) Populist Parties in Contemporary Europe. Working Paper. -.
Korkut, Umut (2020) Hungary Coronavirus Emergency Legislation 2020. Public Jurist.
URI: https://openarchive.tk.mta.hu/id/eprint/426

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